FreeMarker template error: The following has evaluated to null or missing: ==> tenant_directive [in template "shop/tenant/include/header.ftl" at line 1, column 3] Tip: If the failing expression is known to be legally null/missing, either specify a default value with myOptionalVar!myDefault, or use [#if myOptionalVar??]when-present[#else]when-missing[/#if]. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthessis: (myOptionVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionVar.foo)?? The failing instruction (FTL stack trace): ---------- ==> @tenant_directive orgId=org.id [in template "shop/tenant/include/header.ftl" at line 1, column 1] #include "/shop/tenant/include/header... [in template "shop/tenant/default/index.ftl" at line 144, column 9] ---------- Java stack trace (for programmers): ---------- freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...] at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:98) at freemarker.core.UnifiedCall.accept(UnifiedCall.java:144) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:93) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.Environment.include(Environment.java:1712) at freemarker.core.Include.accept(Include.java:172) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:93) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:265) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:243) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:277) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.processTemplate(FreeMarkerView.java:367) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.doRender(FreeMarkerView.java:284) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(FreeMarkerView.java:234) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:303) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1246) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1029) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:973) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:895) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:967) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:858) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:624) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:843) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:731) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:303) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at com.aok.common.configer.filter.EncodingConvertFilter.doFilterInternal(EncodingConvertFilter.java:48) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:121) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at com.aok.common.configer.filter.ShortUrlFilter.doFilter(ShortUrlFilter.java:64) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$Context.handle(CatFilter.java:332) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$CatHandler$2.handle(CatFilter.java:120) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$Context.handle(CatFilter.java:330) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$CatHandler$3.handle(CatFilter.java:137) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$Context.handle(CatFilter.java:330) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$CatHandler$4.handle(CatFilter.java:266) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$Context.handle(CatFilter.java:330) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$CatHandler$1.handle(CatFilter.java:73) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter$Context.handle(CatFilter.java:330) at com.dianping.cat.servlet.CatFilter.doFilter(CatFilter.java:40) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:241) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:208) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:220) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:122) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:505) at com.orangefunction.tomcat.redissessions.RedisSessionHandlerValve.invoke(RedisSessionHandlerValve.java:26) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:170) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.three3s.valves.CrossSubdomainSessionValve.invoke(CrossSubdomainSessionValve.java:124) at org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteIpValve.invoke(RemoteIpValve.java:683) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:116) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:423) at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1079) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:620) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$SocketWithOptionsProcessor.run(AprEndpoint.java:2453) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:7